Noticia echa satira “Enseñanza del inglés será prioridad en #Cuba, tras acercamiento con #EEUU “

AP

01/09/2015

CUBA | EEUU | INGLÉS |

A tono con el histórico deshielo entre Estados Unidos y Cuba, la enseñanza del inglés será una de las “prioridades” en el sistema educacional en la isla, informó este lunes la prensa local.

“Como prioridades en la educación se mantienen en este curso la enseñanza de la Historia de Cuba y de la lengua materna (español), así como el dominio del idioma inglés”, señaló el diario oficial Granma, al informar sobre la apertura del año escolar, que empieza este martes.

En los años 70 la enseñanza del inglés fue reemplazada por el ruso, idioma del principal aliado y benefactor de Cuba desde la revolución de Fidel Castro en 1959: la Unión Soviética.

Tras la desintegración del bloque soviético en 1991, el inglés regresó a los programas de enseñanza, pero ahora el histórico acercamiento entre Washington y La Habana ha desatado un gran interés de los cubanos por aprender esa lengua.

“El idioma (inglés) es imprescindible, porque cada día vamos a tener más contacto (con Estados Unidos y otros países). Además, ustedes lo saben, la tecnología, hay que hablar inglés. Si hablan dos o tres idiomas mejor, pero el inglés es imprescindible”, declaró el número dos del Partido Comunista cubano (único), José Ramón Machado Ventura, al clausurar un congreso de estudiantes universitarios el sábado.

Fidel Castro reconoció en 2008, dos años después de delegar el mando a su hermano Raúl, la importancia de hablar el idioma del enemigo: “Los rusos estudiaban inglés. Todo el mundo estudiaba inglés, menos nosotros que estudiábamos ruso”, se lamentó.

Pese a las tensiones con Estados Unidos, los cubanos incorporaron muchas palabras del inglés al habla cotidiana.

Ambos países anunciaron el 17 de diciembre de 2014 el fin de medio siglo de enemistad y el 20 de julio restablecieron relaciones diplomáticas, rotas en 1961.

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“Confesiones de una bachaquera” por Ángel Alayón

Por Angel Alayón | 8 de agosto, 2015

Omar Salas (5 de 16)

A principios de diciembre de 2012, Oriana* recibió una llamada de su madre desde San Juan de Lagunillas, un pueblo pequeño que queda a cuarenta minutos en carro de la ciudad de Mérida: “Aquí no se consigue nada. Después de las elecciones dejaron de mandarnos cosas”.

Oriana entendió la queja de su mamá como una oportunidad. Empezó a recorrer establecimientos comerciales en Caracas para comprar lo que más escaseaba en San Juan de Lagunilllas: harina precocida de maíz y de trigo, aceite, papel toilet… le tocó hacer colas y recorrer la ciudad varias veces, pero pudo llenar la maleta de su carro y emprender el viaje hacia Los Andes.

Tenía miedo de que la pararan en las alcabalas, pero una estrategia le sirvió de salvoconducto: detenía su carro ante la alcabala y le preguntaba a los guardias, antes de que ellos pudieran abordarla: “Buenas tardes. ¿Barinas queda derecho?” Y los guardias no tardaban en contestar: “Sí, mi amor. Siga derecho.”

La venta fue un éxito. Puso una mesita en la puerta de la casa con los productos y todo se vendió en menos de tres días. Oriana repitió el viaje durante el carnaval de 2013 y las vacaciones de agosto. La gente del pueblo hacía encargos y ella los atendía. Todo iba bien, pero su actividad comercial pronto tuvo un giro inesperado: un amigo le contó que conocía a alguien que tenía tres años viajando a Cuba desde Venezuela para vender lentes y que le estaba yendo muy bien. “Ahí mismo me puse a averiguar. Llamé a una amiga cubana que vive en Miami quien me puso en contacto con un familiar en La Habana y me confirmó que allá había una oportunidad de negocio, pero que todo debía venderse barato”.

Oriana llamó a la señora cubana y ella le dijo que con gusto la recibiría. También le contó el tipo de cosas que podría vender la isla, en especial en la zona donde ella reside: Guanabacoa, conocida como “la cuna de los santeros”.

El primer viaje de Oriana lo hizo por CONVIASA en julio de 2013. Llegó como turista y no tuvo ningún problema en inmigración. Sus anfitriones la esperaron en las afueras del aeropuerto y tomaron un taxi (no oficial) hasta la casa. No le cobraron alquiler, pero ella compró toda la comida mientras estuvo allí. Los de la casa le dieron tres consejos para sobrevivir en Cuba: que no confiara en la gente, que se cuidara de los hombres que sólo buscaban una oportunidad para salir de Cuba y que no hablara de política. “Las paredes tienen oídos”.

Los productos se agotaron rápido: vendió cholas, ropa interior, camisetas de damas, franelas, pasta de dientes, jabón y champú; todo lo vendió en pesos convertibles que cambiaba en el mercado negro a una tasa de 1 peso convertible por 1 dólar. La pasta de dientes la vendía a 3 US$ el tubo de 150 gramos, cuando en Venezuela le costaba 20 bolívares. El desodorante en aerosol lo vendía también en tres dólares. La tasa de retorno era extraordinaria y el viaje fue un éxito financiero: había ganado 300 US$.

“El único problema que he tenido en este negocio fue cuando me involucré sentimentalmente con un cubano. El tenía un Cadillac del 42 y me hacía el servicio de transporte. Él me llevó a la playa, en Varadero, y empezó a echarme los perros. Era un tipo serio y de bonitas facciones. Nuestra relación fue muy buena durante un par viajes, pero en el momento en que se enteró de que había llegado a Cuba con tres personas que iban a raspar el cupo se desató su ambición y empezó a cobrarme por todo… y caro. El último día del viaje faltaban por raspar 1.500 dólares y ya no teníamos tiempo, por lo que decidimos comprarlo en cerveza. Compramos 80 cajas y él se las llevó a su casa. Acordamos que vendería cada una de las caja de 24 botellas en 20 dólares. Al mes siguiente me tocaba recoger el dinero y ahí fue cuando me dijo que pudo vender las cajas de cerveza en 16 dólares cada una, en lugar de los 20 que habíamos acordado. Me había engañado y terminé con él”

Oriana ha hecho veinte viajes de negocio a Cuba desde agosto de 2013. Las ganancias por viaje oscilan entre 500 y 800 dólares. El último viaje fue en abril de 2015. Desde esa fecha no ha podido conseguir pasaje. Sus clientes le escriben desesperados, pero ella no puede atenderlos. Mientras tanto, va acumulando ciertos productos por si acaso encuentra pasaje para una próxima vez.

¿Tú te consideras bachaquera?
Sí, porque bachaquero es quien compra productos regulados y los revende. Y yo revendo. Aunque no sólo productos regulados: yo también compro productos a mayoristas como cualquier comerciante.
¿Y algún día te gustaría dejar de bachaquear?
No quisiera hacer más bachaqueo. Yo lo que soy es comerciante, pero el bachaqueo seguirá mientras haya productos regulados: uno vende lo que la gente necesita.

///

* Oriana no es el nombre verdadero de la testimoniante: ha sido cambiado según su petición.

 

bachaquero4

Artist Tania Bruguera Speaks the Truth about Political Arrests in #Cuba

Performer Turned Activist Details Incessant Intimidation

On June 7, Cuba’s political police arrested artist Tania Bruguera, along with 47 members of dissident organization Damas de Blanco (Ladies in White) and other activists, as they left their traditional Sunday Mass at the church of Santa Rita, Havana. It was their ninth consecutive week of arbitrary arrest.+

Bruguera’s passport is currently in the hands of the regime, and she has been arrested on multiple occasions for calling for the freedom of the island’s political prisoners. She earned the opprobrium of the Castro regime for offering, in one of her open-air installations, a microphone which anyone could use to freely speak their minds — something which, in Cuba, is synonymous with illegal activity.+

“Another Sunday of terror in the streets of Havana. Imprisonment and beatings for all those that go out to protest.”

The PanAm Post spoke with the well-known performance artist about photos she published via social media after her arrest, in which clearly visible bruises cover her arms.+

The conversation, frank and fearless like all her artistic endeavors, began with the much-commented upon social-media images.+

“Marks of repression today on Tania Bruguera who accompanied activists and Ladies in White.”

Did you get beaten up yesterday?+

I didn’t receive a beating. They grabbed me really hard by my arms. But I, personally, didn’t get beaten. One has to clarify things. They put me into a guagua [bus] with 12 other women.+

Not with punches?+

No. I don’t like to tell lies or exaggerate anything. I do know that for some people, yes they punched them, and one of the girls yesterday lost a tooth after being punched. It was a violent moment in the sense of contained violence, but no one punched me.+

What happened yesterday?+

I’m doing an investigation to see if we can propose to the National Assembly a law against state violence against those who think different ideologically.+

To do this I’m doing a field investigation, going to see things that are happening. I went to witness what’s been happening to the Ladies in White for nine weeks. I wanted to see it with my own eyes.+

And what did you see on Sunday?+

While they were walking yesterday along Fifth Avenue, there was no problem. Afterwards, they were going down to Third, and there was a police operation, so they had to run away. I saw that they were waiting for us, there was a [police] cordon. There was an excessive police deployment.+

La artista cubana se encuentra impedida de salir de su país por un mandato judicial (Vimeo)

The response they’re offering is very disproportionate. It was too much for what the Ladies in White were doing, which was not violent at all. They were marching without shouting anything, only carrying the photos of political prisoners. Passers-by were there just watching us with curiosity.+

The political police made a cordon and separated the women from the men. They wanted to get me out of there, but I wanted to stay until the end; I didn’t want to miss anything. So then they began to drag me by the hair to carry me away.+

Then, someone said, “Not her, not her, she’s Tania.” I then realized that there’s a difference. I believe that this difference is because they know that I don’t tell lies or exaggerate anything. I comment on things just as I see them, like I’m doing with you, in telling you that they didn’t beat me up.+

I was together with the other women on the guagua, and they took us all to Tarará. There they put you in a little school-like building. They released them one by one.+

Have they already freed the Ladies in White?+

Yes, yesterday [June 7]. In fact, when they were releasing me I asked my guards what was going to happen to them, and they told me not to worry because they were going to take them to their homes. They told me that they do this every week.+

What’s your plan for the future?+

I’m working on two things simultaneously. I’m trying to inaugurate and get running in a few months the Hannah Arendt institute, which is for theoretical and practical research into art and activism.+

I’m also beginning to work on a law on violence against political thinking, and for freedom of expression, so people can go out to the streets and express themselves like in every other country.+

What do you think about the arrest of Cuban hip-hop artist Ángel Yunier Remón Arzuaga, AKA El Crítico?+

I think it’s very unintelligent to imprison anyone for engaging in criticism at the moment of change that Cuba has arrived at. It seems to me that in fact it’s time to stop doing this, so the people understand that they can say what they think.+

In any case, I don’t know why they’re so afraid, if the majority of people are in fact with the government. Nothing dramatic is going to happen if they let people talk.+

What’s your position on the reestablishment of relations with the United States?+

I think it’s a great idea that they reestablish relations with the United States and with the rest of the countries of the world. This is a peaceful country. I think it’s good, the only thing is that I believe they shouldn’t focus this beginning of relations on money alone.+

There should also be an exchange of people, an exchange of cultures, so the country can learn from the history of civil rights, although I think the United States has a lot of problems; it’s by no means a paradise. There are a lot of problems with police brutality, with repression, and the manipulation of politics.+

Ana Olema: @anaolema “The Cuban Who Journeyed 8 Countries for Freedom”

An Artist-Turned-Activist’s Odyssey to Escape the Castro Regime

Ana Olema is a visual artist, an activist for human rights, and a migrant. She’s the product of diverse experiences, and undoubtedly a survivor. Her gestures, clothing, hairstyle, and accent, are a unique mix of the Caribbean and Latin America.+

During the five months of her journey, Olema faced the arbitrariness and corruption of Latin American security bodies (Facebook Ana Olema)

However, she defines herself first and foremost as “a global citizen and a Cuban.” She explains this duality in a very simple way: “Cubans cling to our citizenship for resistance.” Olema recalls that “whoever left the country was considered a traitor for long time, and that psychological projection continues to this day.”+

The PanAm Post spoke with the multifaceted Olema about her work and her epic journey from Quito, Ecuador, to the border that separates Matamoros (Mexico) from Brownsville (United States). It was an odyssey made without any documents: as a Cuban, she failed to meet visa requirements for each country she passed through, so she had to smuggle herself across borders.+

She spoke of coyotes — people-smugglers plying the US-Mexico border — guerrilla, the army, theft, abuse, and even sleeping with a gun in her hand.+

Like her, 53,423 Cubans crossed the southern US border between 2010 and 2014, to take up residence in the North American country. And that number appears to be on the rise: 37 percent of the Cubans who entered the United States in 2014 used this route.+

Beginning an Endless Journey

“I’d gone in and out of Cuba a little because of my art. I had experienced leaving Cuba, but less and less, as my activism increased,” says Olema, emphasizing that she traveled by her own means, “not because I received anything from the regime.”+

Her boyfriend at the time tried to escape Cuba on a raft for the fifth time, but he was caught and fined: “In addition, he was wrongly accused of a crime, because we all know that Cuba’s legal system doesn’t work.”+

Then, her partner’s situation became more complicated, and when he faced the strong possibility of ending up in prison, they seized the sudden opportunity of flying to Ecuador to record a rap album.+

In April 2012, after several months in Ecuador, Ana and her boyfriend decided to undertake the long journey to the United States. “It’s an experience that changed my life, and it connected me with Latin America,” she says.+

Mexico or Bust

“We did the trip from Ecuador to Colombia in a taxi. Each passenger paid US$50 to the driver, and we crossed into Colombian territory crouched and hidden in the car.” From the bus station near the border, they traveled to Cali.+

There, Olema gave lectures at a local university, but was concerned about how they would cross through Colombia, given that it was “very dangerous” without papers. Cubans and other migrants gave her the information about what border to cross, what bus to take, and which coyote they should hire.+

There are three ways to travel to Panama from Colombia: by sea, by land, or by air. However, for illegal migrants, there are only two ways: by sailboat, through the San Blas Islands, or by land, crossing the Darien Gap.+

The couple decided to go by sea. They found someone to help them cross by boat to Panama: “We waited, but the sailboat didn’t arrive. Then, the person comes and tells us that we should go by land, because whoever was in charge of the boat was too delayed.”+

With only a backpack containing a couple of books and a laptop they entered the jungle to cross Tiger Mountain into Panama. They were suddenly in a group of 40 people: “We were seven Cubans, several Nepalese, and the remainder were Somali.”+

Olema describes it as “the guerrilla path,” a place where you see “the worst and the best of human beings.” They had to struggle for their own survival: “We exchanged all of our clothing for a candy bar or some milk.” They brushed shoulders with wild animals, with a panther passing right by Olema’s side at one point.+

“Hours before we arrived to the Panamanian border, the guerrilla raped all the women, including the pregnant ones, and some men.”+

Despite their ordeal, the only option was to continue onwards to Panama City. “My boyfriend arrived shirtless, only wearing shorts. I had small shorts, a blouse and a scarf that covered me a little more, because my shorts were too small. We’d given away everything along the way.”+

Olema’s father helped her as best he could, sending money from the United States. However, he could only sent cash in small amounts to prevent her from being robbed.+

Central American Violence

Central America was another terrifying chapter. Although she said the journey in Costa Rica was “very easy,” it became complicated in Nicaragua and Honduras. “In Nicaragua, the army caught us. They threw us on the ground with guns. And they frisked all the women,” claiming to be searching for money.+

The situation became even more tense: “an officer told me that I was really beautiful, and he told two other officers to check me out. They wanted me to kneel, but I don’t kneel before anyone.”+

Olema escaped this time, only suffering the theft of her laptop and cash. They were robbed again at gunpoint across the border in Honduras. “We had no more money, but I got scared because they were pointing their guns right at my head.”+

They were even encouraged to use violence to defend themselves. When they arrived in San Pedro Sula, the most violent city in the word, the coyote taking them to Guatemala handed a gun to every traveler for their own protection.+

“We slept with a gun in our hands. The coyote had a contact who got us the weapons.” They managed to cross into Guatemala and Mexico, but the coyote abandoned them in Mexico City, instead of taking them to the border as promised.+

“We had to get to the border on our own. We got tickets in the most expensive bus. But we were afraid to stay there, because if we got caught, they would send us back to Cuba,” Olema recalls.+

(Facebook Ana Olema)

The bus bound for the border stopped, and asked for the documents of all passengers. “But we would not let them take us back. We gave them all the money we had.” When they reached the border, they stopped again. Thankfully, Olema explains, Cubans no longer need to cross the desert to enter the United States.+

“A Cuban guy who came with us made a mistake. He made a phone call that he shouldn’t have, and that call gave us away. We were sent to a little office at the Mexican [side of the] border, and the officials asked us for money.”+

“They requested $600 from each one of us. But it was a game of power. The man accepted the $600 from our Cuban partner and nothing from us, because he knew that it would more difficult for him to take us back to the city than to let us go.”+

The migration agent waited for an old man who came accompanied by a coyote to send them across the border. “The old man said he was going to the United States to live the last part of his life. He had paid $10,000 for the whole package.”+

They reached the border and the turnstiles where they had to insert a few coins to pass to the US side.+

“When my turn came, I told the officer: ‘I come under the Cuban Adjustment Act,’ but it was a mistake. The officer looked at me and said ‘Do you mean adjustment or refugee?’”+

“In fact, there is so much misinformation in Cuba, that Cubans don’t know what to say when they arrive.… It’s important that Cubans say they come seeking refuge or political asylum.”+

Although she wouldn’t want to repeat the journey, Olema’s perspective on her continent and her mission were fundamentally transformed by it.+

“I never would have appreciated living in the United States so much, a country that is a democratic giant, even with its imperfections, if I hadn’t made that trip. It changed my life.”

Democracy Activists Ready to Rattle Summit of Americas

Government Threats, Intimidation Welcome Dissidents to Panama City

El ministro de Gobierno panameño, Milton Henríquez, respaldó los principios democráticos que defienden los jóvenes y denunció la asfixia de libertades en la región. (PanAm Post)

On Monday, April 6, youth leaders from across the region kick-started the week leading up to the Seventh Summit of the Americas in Panama, by voicing their thirst for democratic reforms in Latin America.+

The Democracy and Youth Regional Forum, held in Panama City under the auspices of the Latin American Youth Network for Democracy, saw Venezuelan and Cuban activists take the lead in demanding that regional governments support democratic transitions, labelling them “accomplices” to the crisis in their home countries.+

The young campaigners were also addressed by Rosa María Payá, a prominent Cuban dissident who will participate during the Organization of American States (OAS) Summit as part of the Civil Society Forum. Along with a group of fellow Cuban activists, she hopes to secure international support for the Cuba Decides initiative, which seeks to hold free and fair elections on the island after 67 years of Communist rule.+

Payá warned that the Summit could become just another routine meeting between presidents and produce few meaningful concessions from Caracas or Havana.+

“That’s why we encourage the heads of state to be brave and live up to their historical responsibility to the whole region, but in particular with Cuba … The time has come for them to stop talking exclusively to a general [President Raúl Castro] who was never elected by Cubans, and support the basic demands made by the people,” she told the PanAm Post.+

The youth forum also featured Darío Ramírez, a former councillor and spokesperson for Venezuelan opposition party Popular Will (VP), whose leader is the political prisoner Leopoldo López. Ramírez, who left the country in 2014 after Venezuela’s intelligence agency ordered his arrest, urged the international community to prevent Venezuela’s governing model since 1998 from expanding throughout the region.+

“We cannot let the Summit pass by as if they were all democrats at the table, because everything shows that in Venezuela there is no democracy,” he argued.+

La excandidata presidencial de Colombia, Marta Lucía Ramírez, pidió no ser "cómplices de la ruptura democrática" de Venezuela. (PanAm Post)

Marta Lucía Ramírez, a former presidential candidate in Colombia, also called on leaders present at the Summit to adopt a consistent attitude toward what she described as “democratic failure” in Venezuela.+

“The same governments that in the past benefited from Venezuela’s oil are now behaving, if not in a cowardly way, at least in complicity with this failure and arbitrary rulings against the Venezuelan opposition,” she told the PanAm Post.+

Representatives from Guatemala, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Cuba, and Venezuela similarly denounced instances of violations of human rights within their own countries and debated the Inter-American Human Rights Commission’s role; the construction of the Nicaragua Canal, restrictions on the free press in Ecuador, and mass arrests of dissidents in Cuba and Venezuela.+

Panamanian Minister of Government Milton Henríquez was present to support the group’s demands, and welcomed the flurry of pro-democracy events coinciding with the diplomatic gathering. “We cannot allow a single issue to hijack the Summit,” he said.+

Travel Obstacles

Rosa María Payá was one of 10 activists who faced detention and abusive interrogation at Tocumen International Airport on Sunday upon her arrival to Panama. Authorities threatened several visitors with deportation if they engaged in peaceful protest during their stay in the Central American nation.+

A few hours later, following negative press coverage, Panama’s Foreign Ministry issued anapology and attributed the immigration officers’ behavior to a “bureaucratic mistake.”+

In order to leave Cuba without incident, activist Eliécer Ávila chose to fly to Costa Rica first, where he spent a week before moving on to Panama for the Summit. “We thought they [the Cuban authorities] wouldn’t let us leave, that’s why we picked alternative routes in advance,” he said.+

A Venezuelan activist — who goes by the pseudonym of Ricardo Pérez for security reasons — meanwhile faced harassment in his own country. He told the PanAm Post that airport employees and officials inspected all the money he was carrying looking for currency control violations, and subjected him to an invasive search.+

“They made me defecate to prove I wasn’t carrying any illicit substances. I had to do that in front of a military officer, and then they had me sign a document saying they had not violated my rights, but they refused to give me a copy. Then I lied, and told them I was going to Panama as a Chavista [government supporter] to defend Venezuela at the Summit, and they let me go,” Pérez explained.+

Civil Society Surge

Beginning on Thursday, four official fora prior to the Summit will be tailored to university authorities, civil society, youth leaders, and regional business figures. On Friday, at the beginning of the Summit, representatives from the four events will present the results of these debates to the present heads of state.+

During the civil society forum, 21 former presidents from Latin America and Spain willdemand the release of Venezuelan political prisoners Leopoldo López, Daniel Ceballos, andAntonio Ledezma.+

The initiative, started by former Colombian President Andrés Pastrana, will deliver a letter penned by the wives of the jailed opposition leaders to the outgoing Organization of the American States General Secretary José Miguel Insulza, and to Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela.+

Payá will meanwhile speak in the same venue on behalf of the Cuba Decides project.+

Other unofficial gatherings and demonstrations organized by diverse civil society groups will also take place. On Tuesday, international advocacy group Congressmen for Democracy will hold a meeting with legislators from Ecuador, Nicaragua, Argentina, and Peru, along with activists from Venezuela and Cuba, to discuss human-rights violations in the latter two countries.+

Panama’s Liberty Foundation and the Inter-American Institute for Democracy will hold the forum “The other side of the coin” on Thursday, attracting opposition politicians from Nicaragua, Bolivia, Cuba, Argentina, and Venezuela, who will draft a document to be sent to the Summit.+

Also on Thursday, an artistic exhibition will take place in Panama’s Ciudad del Saber, where rap musicians from Cuba’s Pro Free Art Association will offer a free concert.+

The University of Panama will meanwhile host the Summit of the Peoples from Thursday to Saturday, attracting social movements, unions, indigenous groups, and other progressive organizations.+

Opositores de Cuba y Venezuela calientan el ambiente para la Cumbre

AP

07/04/2015

CUBA | CUMBRE DE LAS AMÉRICAS | LILIAN TINTORI | MITZI CAPRILES | PANAMÁ |

Los Gobiernos de Cuba y Venezuela deberán afrontar en la Cumbre de las Américas la voz de sus opositores, algunos de los cuales dejaron claro que no van a desaprovechar la oportunidad que representa para hacer oír sus demandas.

La capital panameña acoge ya a figuras de la oposición interna y externa de ambos países caribeños, llegadas a la sede de la cumbre con antelación para aprovechar al máximo la resonancia internacional de la reunión continental, la primera en la que participará Cuba.

Desde Miami, donde se concentra la mayor parte del exilio cubano y además hay organizaciones de venezolanos que se dicen “perseguidos políticos”, también se lanzaron hoy mensajes en contra de los Gobiernos de Raúl Castro y Nicolás Maduro con motivo de la Cumbre.

El disidente cubano Jorge Luis García Pérez “Antúnez”, minutos antes de emprender viaje hacia Panamá al frente de una delegación de exiliados, dijo hoy a Efe que van a “exponer que la represión en Cuba no ha cambiado, que a raíz de los acuerdos entre Barack Obama y La Habana lo que ha hecho es recrudecerse más el clima represivo”.

“El régimen (castrista) está apostando por un continuismo y quizás piense o albergue la esperanza de que Panamá sea un escenario propicio donde pueda legitimarse moralmente en el área internacional”, señaló “Antúnez”.

La Cumbre de Panamá va a suponer el primer encuentro entre el presidente estadounidense y el cubano después de que en diciembre pasado anunciaran un acuerdo para normalizar las relaciones entre sus países.

Hoy dos asesores de la Casa Blanca confirmaron que habrá algún tipo de “interacción” entre Obama y Castro al margen de la Cumbre, pero por el momento no está previsto un encuentro bilateral formal.

La foto entre Obama y Castro es la más esperada, pero otra disidente cubana que viajó hoy a Panamá, Sylvia Iriondo, dijo a Efe en Miami que “esta cumbre no es el abrazo de un dictador con un demócrata”, sino la oportunidad para dar voz a “un pueblo que permanece sin libertad y sin derechos”.

Por su parte, Rosa María Payá, hija del fallecido disidente Oswaldo Payá, quien a su llegada a la capital panameña el pasado fin de semana estuvo detenida unas horas en el aeropuerto, indicó hoy que su propósito durante la Cumbre es promover la idea de realizar un plebiscito en Cuba.

“Venimos a invitar no solamente a los cubanos, sino a todos los latinoamericanos y a los jefes de Estado, a que se solidaricen con el derecho de decidir de los cubanos”, dijo.

La disidente coincidirá en los foros previos a la cumbre de jefes de Estado y de Gobierno, que tendrá lugar el 10 y 11 de abril, con las venezolanas Lilian Tintori y Mitzy Capriles, cuyos cónyuges, los opositores Leopoldo López y Antonio Ledezma respectivamente, están presos, el primero desde febrero de 2014 y el segundo desde febrero de este año.

“Vamos a la cumbre a sumar voluntades, Venezuela está al borde de una crisis humanitaria, así lo hemos dicho a nivel internacional, Venezuela está en una crisis política, en una crisis social, en una crisis económica y nosotros debemos prevenir lo prevenible”, afirmó hoy Tintori en Caracas poco antes de volar a Panamá.

La esposa de López aseguró tener un “sentimiento muy positivo” sobre el futuro de los “presos políticos”, ya que la Cumbre de Panamá dijo, “puede ser la llave de las puertas de las celdas de todos” ellos.

En un comunicado fechado hoy en Panamá, 28 organizaciones internacionales, entre las que se encuentran Human Rights Watch y Amnistía Internacional, demandaron al Gobierno venezolano que deje de “intimidar y hostigar” a los defensores de derechos humanos “inmediatamente”.

Además, diecinueve exmandatarios iberoamericanos han suscrito una declaración que será presentada el día 9 en la capital panameña para denunciar lo que califican como una “alteración democrática” en Venezuela y pedir la puesta en libertad de los “presos políticos”.

También están ya en Panamá los disidentes cubanos Elizardo Sánchez, Berta Soler, Guillermo Fariñas y Manuel Cuesta Morua, entre otros.

Antes de viajar, parte de la disidencia interna cubana emitió el pasado viernes un “mensaje unido”, con dos propuestas concretas, una nueva ley electoral y una ley de asociación y partidos políticos, para presentar a la Cumbre.

Miembros de la delegación oficial cubana en la VII Cumbre de las Américas denunciaron hoy en Panamá la presencia de “terroristas” y “mercenarios pagados por los enemigos históricos” de Cuba en los foros previos a la reunión de mandatarios.

Los representantes de Cuba en esos foros, que dijeron ser la “verdadera y auténtica sociedad civil cubana”, se declararon “humillados” y “ofendidos” porque la organización de la Cumbre también invitó a opositores al Gobierno de Raúl Castro.

También en Panamá, el Comité de Víctimas de las Guarimbas (barricadas) y Golpe Continuado de Venezuela, una organización creada a raíz de los disturbios ocurridos en el país en 2014, manifestó hoy su rechazo a las peticiones para que el Gobierno de Maduro libere a los opositores presos.

“El comité de víctimas se siente muy preocupado porque existen actores internacionales, expresidentes, ONGs, organismos de derechos humanos que hoy abogan y piden la liberación de todos estos líderes antidemocráticos”, dijo la portavoz del grupo, Desiré Cabrera.

El presidente Maduro se propone entregar a su colega estadounidense, Barack Obama, en Panamá diez millones de firmas en contra del decreto por el cual declaró una “emergencia nacional”, tras considerar a Venezuela una “inusual y extraordinaria amenaza” para la seguridad estadounidense.

El Foro de Venezolanos en el Mundo ha iniciado al mismo tiempo una recogida de firmas por internet para mandar una carta de agradecimiento a Obama por las sanciones impuestas a funcionarios venezolanos a los que EE.UU. acusa de violaciones de los derechos humanos.

Para este lunes segurirán los acercamientos diplomáticos entre Cuba y Estados Unidos

Foto: Imagen Referencial

(Valencia, 15 de marzo) El restablecimiento de las relaciones diplomáticas entre Cuba y Estados Unidos sigue en marcha, por lo que este lunes representantes de ambos países sostendrán una reunión para continuar las negociaciones.

En la agenda de trabajo se encuentra la apertura de las embajadas, las cuales están cerradas desde el año 1961. Esto significaría una buena noticia ante las formalidades y aspectos técnicos de la Cumbre de las Américas que se llevará a cabo en abril.

Estaba previsto que la secretaria de Estado adjunta para Latinoamérica, Roberta Jacobson, llegará este domingo a La Habana, para iniciar hoy una nueva ronda de diálogo con su contraparte, la directora para EE.UU. del Ministerio cubano de Relaciones Exteriores, Josefina Vidal, conversaciones que se pueden prolongar varios días.